The 2021/22 Premier League season is officially over and it’s time once again for clubs to turn their attention to the summer transfer window - which opens next month.
While some clubs have over performed against a modest net spend, others have splashed the cash and perhaps not seen the results they would have hoped for.
Two of the current 20 clubs (which still includes Norwich City, Watford and Burnley who will play in the EFL Championship next season following their relegations) have actually made a net profit over the past five seasons.
However, the other 18 are firmly in the red with their income far outweighing their outgoings.
Aston Villa have spent a substantial amount on player transfers over the past five seasons including a club record £35m on Emiliano Buendía last summer.
Other big deals have included £30m for Ollie Watkins and £28m on Leon Bailey while they have also received large sums as well, most notably the £100m that Man City paid for Jack Grealish.
But, how does their overall net spend look and where do they rank compared to their league rivals?
Here are all 20 Premier League clubs ranked by their net spend over the past five seasons (according to statistis from Transfermarkt), from most profitable to least: